A lot of people display sensitivity to certain substances that are not normally categorized as allergens or irritants. Among the most common skin irritation are hives, which can be characterized with some localized redness with slightly raised skin patches. There are about 10-20% of people in the United States who fall victim of hives at least once in their lifetime. On mild cases, hives trigger a bout of itchiness, but can developed into a burning or stinging sensations in severe cases. Normally hives appear in clusters but have the tendency to change location just in a matter of hours. So if the hives breakout will initially appear on the patient’s face, it can later appear on the arms after some time.
The good news is, although hives are known to cause a bout of itchiness and discomforts, they are typically far from becoming a life-threatening ailment. There are actually a number of culprits on a hives breakout, and it usually varies from one person to another. Since it is allergic reaction, it requires a causal allergen to trigger it off. According to medical records, the most common reasons on what causes hives on people are specific food groups (such as milk, shellfish, different nuts and berries), antibiotic medications and insect bites. But can stress cause hives, too? The answer to that is a resounding yes, and a lot of people can probably attest to that. In rare cases, hives can also set off by non-allergy related causes such as exposure to extreme cold, sun exposure, nervousness and stress and infections to certain viruses. Doctors through visual inspection can easily diagnose hives and more often than not the culprit can be apparent.
In mild cases, hives treatment would usually include prescribing an antihistamine drug, such as diphenhydramine and desloratadine. Among the best brands in the market are Benadryl and Clarinex, both can effectively eliminate allergic reactions in just a few hours. Clarinex are widely preferred by patients who want to avoid drowsiness since it doesn’t contain any sedatives. However, for highly severe cases most doctors would usually prescribe oral corticosteroids such as prednisone, this is mainly because topical medications are not quite effective. If swelling and inflammation in the airway occur, an emergency injection known as epinephrine is usually administered.
However, due to reported side effects a lot of people are looking towards alternative forms of medications for hives. The best to do this is to determine the cause of the allergic reactive through conducting a skin test. Then the patient will be advised to avoid contact of intake of such causal allergen. However, a natural way to relieve itching would be an oatmeal bath. Chickweed poultice can also be applied directly to the skin to further relieve the itchiness and inflammation. After administering treatment, hives are expected to clear out to a maximum of 4 -7 days, provided of course that the patient should steer clear from known allergens that caused the allergy attack.
While most people would probably write hives off as a simple case of rash, hives are better dealt with immediately. Not will it turn out to be debilitating due to the fact of the extreme discomfort it causes, neglect and disregard can possibly lead to respiratory problems such as wheezing or the constriction of the passageway. This can cause extreme difficulty in breathing, which can turn out to be quite deadly especially in small children. There are some individuals who tend to suffer recurring symptoms of hives, which can be greatly attributed to hereditary factors. The best way to deal with chronic hives would be determine the causes of hives and general avoidance to all established allergens. After all, prevention is still better than cure, right?